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Emergency Preparedness Response Course (EPRC) Basic Awareness Course 2 hrs Answers

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Question Answer
What CBRNE agent are microorganisms and/or biologically derived compounds or molecules that cause disease in personnel, plants, or animals? (All Hazards, page 19 of 35) Biological
A systematic approach to the immediate assessment and treatment of critically ill or injured persons is represented by the acronym ABCDE, which stands for: (Operations, page 10 of 20) Airway, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure
___________ is (are) a collection of various intentional threats and unintentional contamination hazards. (All Hazards, page 2 of 35) All-hazards
__________ eliminates critical seams and ties together a complete spectrum of incident management activities. (All Hazards, page 2 of 35) All-hazards Approach
These chemical agents produce temporary disabling conditions that can be physical or mental and persist for hours or days after exposure to the agent has ceased. (All Hazards, page 13 of 35) Incapacitating agents
Coughing/flu-like symptoms, fever, weakness or fatigue, vomiting and diarrhea may be symptoms of what type of CBRNE exposure? (All Hazards, page 22 of 35) Biological
One of the basic self-decontamination rules includes flushing body and clothing with large quantities of water. (Operations, page 9 of 20) False
What common characteristic is NOT associated with terrorist activities known around the world? (All Hazards, pages 6 and 10 of 35) Terrorist organizations are always associated with gangs
Burned skin, shrapnel wounds, blunt trauma injuries, and ruptured hollow organs may be symptoms of what type of CBRNE exposure? (All Hazards, page 32 of 35) High-yield explosives
What measure should you NOT take to protect yourself during a CBRNE incident? (Operations, page 6 of 20) Get downhill and downwind of the source of contamination
“All-hazards” incidents are often categorized as: (Select all that apply) Natural, Technological, Threats or human-caused
The rationale for the use of an “all-hazards” approach is to eliminate critical seams, to tie together a complete spectrum of incident management activities that either reduce or eliminate the impact of a hazard or incident. True
Level ___ is used when nuisance contamination is present only requiring the lowest form of chemical and/or respiratory protection. (Operations, page 7 of 20) xxB
__________ are poisonous substances of natural origin produced by an animal, plant, or microbe. (All Hazards, page 20 of 35) Toxins
What type of hazard tends to occur repeatedly in the same geographical location because it is related to weather patterns or physical characteristics of an area? (All Hazards, page 4 of 35) Natural hazards
What is the first step in self decontamination? (Operations, page 9 of 20) Removing all outer clothing
A truck explodes downtown during rush hour near a government building. There are more than 100 casualties. Many more victims are injured by the blast. In what hazard category would this incident be categorized? (All Hazards, page 6 of 35) Threat or human-caused
_________are a situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property, or environment. (All Hazards, page 3 of 35) xxAll-hazards
Red or irritated eyes and skin, choking, vomiting, convulsions or seizures, pinpoint pupils may be symptoms of what type of CBRNE exposure? (All Hazards, page 16 of 35) Chemical
“All-hazards” incidents are often categorized as: (Select all that apply) Natural, Technological, Threats or human-caused
The rationale for the use of an “all-hazards” approach is to eliminate critical seams, to tie together a complete spectrum of incident management activities that either reduce or eliminate the impact of a hazard or incident. True
Nerve agents A potentially lethal chemical agent that interferes with the transmission of nerve impulses.
Blood agents A chemical compound, including the cyanide group, that affects bodily functions by preventing the normal utilization of oxygen by body tissues.
Choking agents A chemical warfare agent which produces irritation to the eyes and upper respiratory tract and damage to the lungs, primarily causing pulmonary edema.
Blister agents A chemical agent that injures the eyes and lungs, and burns or blisters the skin.
Incapacitating agents A chemical agent, which produces temporary disabling conditions that can be physical or mental and persist for hours or days after exposure to the agent has ceased.
Bacteria Single-celled organisms that multiply by cell division and can cause disease in humans, plants, or animals.
Viruses The simplest type of organisms. They lack a system for their own metabolism and therefore depend upon living cells to multiply.
Toxins Poisonous substances of natural origin produced by an animal, plant, or microbe.
A ‘radiological’ incident releases an intense pulse or wave of heat, light, air pressure, and radiation while a ‘nuclear’ incident may involve an explosion but has less radiation. False
Chemical Artificially produced substances that can inflict serious illness or injury on persons exposed to minute quantities.
Biological Living organisms, or materials derived from them, that are used for military or terrorist purposes to cause death or incapacitation to humans, animals, or plants.
Nuclear Substances that emit high amounts of radioactivity (spontaneously released energy).
High-Yield Explosives Materials that rapidly release large amounts of energy and produce a pressure shock wave during detonation.
Radiological Usually releases low levels of radiation.
Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding Civilian Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): (Operations, page 7 of 20) OSHA categorizes equipment ensembles into six levels, levels A (highest form of protection) through F (lowest form of protection)
An all-hazards approach affects preparedness by allowing communities: (All Hazards, page 2 of 35) To increase the speed, effectiveness, and efficiency of incident management

The responses provided here include factual definitions of biological and chemical agents, practical scenarios, and an evaluation of protective measures against CBRNE threats. They have been thoroughly checked for accuracy as per the EPRC Basic Awareness Course’s guidance and principles, reinforcing the importance of proper protocol during emergencies.

Understanding the vast scope of CBRNE threats is vital for military personnel and civilians alike. These potential hazards can originate from various sources, including terrorist activities, accidental leaks, or natural disasters. This page seeks to emphasize the gravity of these threats and to clarify the necessary procedures to safeguard oneself and others during such incidents.

As you navigate through this page, consider the real-world implications of each answer. This information isn’t just theoretical; it could be directly applied in emergency scenarios. It’s important to not just memorize these answers but to understand the underlying principles and concepts.

For instance, comprehending the characteristics and effects of different CBRNE agents allows for quicker identification and response during an actual incident.

Moreover, it’s crucial to remember that the answers found here are subject to change as the EPRC Basic Awareness Course is updated over time. Always cross-check these responses with the latest course materials to ensure you’re receiving the most current and accurate information.